Ingredient Substitutions

      Dry Ingredients



          • Whole Wheat Flour: You can sub up to half the whole wheat flour in most recipes for all purpose flour or bread flour.


          For a dairy free alternative, try using soy milk, almond milk, or coconut milk (rice milk will make your baked goods too dry, so try to avoid it in baking). When a recipe calls for milk, I always like to use whole milk or buttermilk, for a richer, more moist and tender baked good but 2% works too.
          • Homemade Buttermilk Substitute: Click here to learn all about buttermilk and watch the video for how to make buttermilk substitute with just 2 simple ingredients!
          • Homemade Whole Milk Substitute: 1 cup whole milk = 1 cup fat free skim milk mixed with 2 tablespoons melted unsalted butter or margarine.
          • Heavy Cream Substitute: 1 cup heavy cream = 1/3 cup melted unsalted butter mixed with 2/3 cup whole milk (not low fat or fat free) Note: This substitute will not whip and can only be used for recipes that use cream as a liquid, not in it's whipped state. 1 cup heavy whipping cream = 2 cups whipped cream
          • Half & Half Substitute: 1 cup = 1/2 cup light cream + 1/2 cup whole milk OR  1/4 cup heavy cream + 3/4 cup whole milk OR 1 1/2 tablespoons melted butter plus enough whole milk to equal 1 cup.
            {VIDEO} How To Properly Measure Liquid Ingredients

            There are many egg substitutes in baking, eggs perform a different function, depending on what you're baking. The main functions of eggs in baking are thickening, binding to hold the ingredients together and leavening to make baked goods rise light and fluffy. Identifying their function in a particular recipe will help you decide with how to replace them. Different egg replacers will work best in different recipes. For example, in custard pies, like pumpkin pie, eggs are mainly for thickening. In quick breads, cakes and cupcakes, both leavening and binding is needed, while extra yolks add richness and extra whites help to make the cake light and fluffy. Yet, in cookies, the egg acts as a binder, holding the ingredients together and adding moisture. Note, I don't recommend using egg substitutes with recipes that use a lot of eggs, egg yolks, or recipes that require a lot of egg white like angel food cake. The less egg in any recipe, the easier to substitute and less noticeable it will be. Egg substitutes like Ener-G Egg Replacer are probably the most simple and effective, but here are some simple alternatives from ingredients you might already have in your kitchen
            Substitute 1 large egg with: 

            • 1 tablespoon vinegar, white or apple cider in cakes & cupcakes
            • 1 tablespoon ground flax seed meal, mixed with 2 tablespoons water and let sit for a few minutes to thicken, in cookies or brownies
            • 1/4 cup fruit puree like applesauce, pumpkin puree, mashed banana, etc. in muffins, pancakes, quick breads and granola bars for a great low cholesterol alternative.
            {VIDEO} How To Separate Egg Yolks From Egg Whites (4 ways) | Baking 101: Quick, Easy Tips & Tricks - See more at: http://blog.dollhousebakeshoppe.com/2013/12/video-how-to-seperate-egg-yolks-from.html#sthash.5Zq85Fi7.dpuf
            {VIDEO} How To Bring Eggs To Room Temperature Quickly
            {VIDEO} How To Separate Egg Yolks From Egg Whites (4 ways)


            It is always best to substitute a solid fat for a solid fat (butter, margarine, shortening, lard) and a liquid fat for a liquid fat (canola oil, vegetable oil, etc.). Solid fats that have been melted do not become a "liquid fat". Butter for instance, contains milk solids (oil does not) that will firm and set after your baked good has cooled.
            • Butter: Unsalted butter is usually called for when not specifically stated but salted butter can be used in its place by reducing the amount of salt in the recipe by 1 teaspoon per pound of butter. I do not recommend substituting oil for butter or using low-fat spreads, margarine or light butter for baking. 
              • 1 cup butter = 1 cup margarine = 1 cup vegan butter  = 7/8 cup vegetable oil, lard or shortening (regular or butter flavored)
            {VIDEO} Trick For  Measuring Butter, Shortening & Solids    
            {VIDEO} How To Tell If Your Butter Is At Room Temperature
            {VIDEO} How To Bring Butter To Room Temperature Quickly

            • Oil: Substitute half of the oil in the recipe for unsweetened applesauce to cut the fat for a healthier alternative. For example, if the recipe calls for 1/4 cup oil, use 2 tablespoons oil and 2 tablespoons applesauce. Note this may change the texture of your baked goods, and make them more dense and chewy.

            • Powdered Sugar (Confectioners' Sugar): 1 cup = 1 cup granulated white sugar + 1 tablespoon cornstarch, pulsed in a food processor until powder.


            Chocolate: Do not substitute chocolate syrup for melted chocolate OR cocoa/hot chocolate mix for cocoa powder in any recipe. These substitution will not work as well as the original chocoalte needed in all recipes.

            -3 tablespoons chocolate chips = 1 ounce baking chocolate
            -1 (12oz) package chocolate chips = 2 cups
            • 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate, melted = 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder mixed with 1 tablespoon of melted unsalted butter, margarine or shortening. 
            • 1 ounce semisweet chocolate, melted = 1 tablespoon unsweetened cocoa powder mixed with 3 1/2 teaspoons sugar, and 2 teaspoons of melted unsalted butter, margerine, shortening or vegetable oil OR 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate, melted, plus 1 tablespoons granulated white sugar OR 3 tablespoons semisweet chocolate chips, melted
            • 1 ounce bittersweet chocolate = 1 ounce semisweet chocolate; Bittersweet and semisweet chocolate may be used interchangeably, but note that it will change the flavor and texture slightly, as semisweet chocolate is more sweet than bittersweet chocolate.
            • 1 ounce milk chocolate = 1 ounce semisweet chocolatemilk chocolate and semisweet chocolate may be used interchangeably, but note that it will change the flavor and texture slightly, as milk chocolate is more sweet than semisweet chocolate.
            • 1 ounce Mexican chocolate = 1 ounce semi-sweet chocolate, melted, mixed with 1/2 teaspoon ground Mexican cinnamon.

            Cocoa Powder
            • Dutch-Process Cocoa Powder: May substitute equal amounts of natural unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/8 teaspoon baking soda per every 1/4 cup. This will neutralize the acids in the natural cocoa, so you are able to use it in a recipe that relies on baking powder for leavening. (See ingredients 101 for more info on types of cocoa powder)
            • Natural Unsweetened Cocoa Powder: May substitute equal amounts of Dutch-processed cocoa powder, omitting  any baking soda called for in the recipe.

            • Baking Soda: There is no recommended homemade substitute for baking soda.
            • Baking Powder: To substitute 1 teaspoon of single acting baking powder, combine 1/4 teaspoon baking soda mixed with 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar and 1/4 teaspoon cornstarch. There is no recommended substitute for double-acting baking powder, most commonly sold in grocery stores. (See ingredients 101 for more info on the difference between the two)

            • Coffee: 1/2 cup strong brewed coffee = 1/2 cup hot water + 2 teaspoon instant coffee or 1 teaspoon espresso powder